The village of Paranapiacaba was initially only a workers' camp. After the inauguration of the railroad, in 1867, it was necessary to fix part of them in the place to take care of the maintenance of the system. Thus, the Alto da Serra Station was built, which was also the first name given to the village. The main factor for the construction of the Santos-Jundiaí Railroad was the expansion of coffee to the west of São Paulo state in the mid-19th century. England had vast experience in the construction of railroads, using steam engine technology - something essential to overcome the technical difficulties imposed by the 796-meter difference in level between the top of the mountains and the coast.